Along with the COVID-19 pandemic process, there have been unique changes in all aspects of life and all over the world. New life-changing norms have started to form in all areas from education practices to health, from sports to entertainment, from shopping to daily routines, from production to consumption. Differences have also begun in the waste generated with the entire process, and the whole world has been affected by this situation. Along with the partial and complete closure decisions taken, there was a decrease in air pollutant emissions at all points on Earth and a decrease in city noise levels.
Changes in the quality of water resources began to stand out and improvement in the environment began to be observed. At the same time, with the increasing number of personal protective, disinfectant and pharmaceutical materials used to combat the epidemic, it was inevitable that these materials would also increase in the waste found in the environment and waters. Many important environmental effects similar to the temporary and permanent effects of the pandemic in the fields of social, health, trade and economy have also emerged. Although the effects of the pandemic on nature were positive at first, the temporary recovery began to slow down with the end of the restrictions.
It is believed that if the necessary measures are not taken, especially negative and permanent effects will also be inevitable. The effects of the pandemic on nature are evaluated as water, air, noise pollution and waste. Each of them exerts its influence in different spheres of life. It is known that air pollution weakens the immune system and also causes respiratory disorders. Epidemic infections, on the other hand, are very closely related to outdoor air pollution factors.
COVID-19 pandemic within the period of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen monoxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (No2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), such as the variation of the concentration of the contaminating effects of the air can be said to be a positive change in nature. All research has been observed that the partial and full closure measures applied along with the start of the outbreak and pollutant concentrations have been significantly affected and decreased. With the gradual reduction of the applicable temporary restriction decisions, nature began to fluctuate in different directions again.
As a result, during the first phase of the COVID-19 outbreak, some positive and negative effects were observed on nature. The effects that developed as positive at first began to return to their former balance over time.